Ruaha National Park

Ruaha National Park is Tanzania’s largest national park and almost 50% bigger than Serengeti – but with only a tenth of visitors. The park’s name derives from the Hehe word “Ruvaha” which means “river” and refers to the Great Ruaha River which flows through the park. It is the source of life for a large variety of wildlife!

This remote and untouched wilderness is located in the heart of Tanzania roughly 625 km from Dar es Salaam and 130 km from Iringa. Its geographic location is the main reason why it is only visited by few tourists. Ruaha is one the best kept secrets – a hidden gem, in fact – that offers a very personal and private safari experience. Game drives can be combined with outstanding walking safaris!

If you step into Ruaha, you step into an authentic and spectacular wilderness. A wealth of landscapes and an unbelievable array of wildlife awaits the few visitors who make it this far. Look forward to an excitingly high concentration of predators, large herds of elephants and buffaloes and a huge variety of cross-over game from Southern and Eastern Africa.

Main Facts

> established in 1964 with a size of 20,226 km²

Best Time

> all year around – best during dry season: June to October

Common Animals

> Antelopes: eland, kudu, sable and roan antelopes
> Big Five: buffalo, elephant, leopard, lion
> Birds: more than 530 species
> Cats: cheetahs, hyenas, jackals, wild dogs (rarely seen)
> Mammals: giraffe, hippo, warthog, zebra
> Primates: baboon, vervet monkey


> game drives
> hot air balloon ride
> walking safari


> largest population of elephants in East Africa
> nearly 10% of African lion’s population call Ruaha their home
> incredible vistas with ancient baobab trees and the Great Ruaha River
> rarely seen, but possible to spot are the endangered wild dogs
> fantastic opportunities for walking safaris and hot air balloon rides
> for adventurous travelers: fly-camping under the stars of Africa
> intimate and private safari experience away from the crowds

Further Details – Ruaha National Park


Ruaha National Park is part of a comprehensive ecosystem that includes the game reserves Rungwa and Usangu as well as several other protected areas. It is a botanical paradise with more than 1650 identified plants. Ruaha also represents a transition zone where the flora and fauna of eastern and southern Africa overlap.

Large parts of the park are dominated by an endless savanna, which is reminiscent of Serengeti, and rolling hills overgrown with the baobab tress that are typically found in Tarangire. Other parts of the park include riverine forests and Miombo woodlands which are more common for southern Africa. A wide range of topographical characteristics!


Just as the flora and fauna of eastern and southern Africa overlap, so does its wildlife. While Grant gazelles and lesser kudus are common all over the northern parks, roan and sables antelopes as well as greater kudus already belong to the southern part of Africa. Ruaha is home to all of these. In term of antelope density, this park is second to none.

And there is even more to discover: large herds of buffaloes and the highest concentration of elephants in East Africa. Families of more than 200 elephants can often be spotted grazing under giant baobab trees or searching for water in the dried-up river beds. Other animals that populate the park are giraffes, elands, impalas, reedbucks and waterbucks.

Ruaha is also an excellent destination for travelers who are looking for lots of predator interaction. Large prides of lions with up to 25 or even 30 members are common. Leopards and cheetahs are often found hunting in the open plains here and the endangered African wild dog is not an unusual sight either. Spotted hyenas and black-backed jackals are commonly seen predators.

Boasting more than 530 sighted species, ornithologists will love Ruaha. Keen birdwatchers should visit Ruaha from November to May when many migratory birds crowd the park. These include the endemic Ruaha red-billed hornbill, kingfishers, starlings, sunbirds but also water fowl along the rivers including bateleurs, fish eagles and saddle-billed storks.

Ruaha’s source of life is the Great Ruaha River…

The Great Ruaha River, of which roughly 160 km flows directly through the park, is Ruaha’s most characteristic feature. Together with its tributaries Jongomero, Mdonya, Mwagusi, Mzombe and various natural springs, they provide the source of life for many animals. Visitors can expect unforgettable wildlife encounters.

During the rainy months the rivers are richly filled. Deep pools of grunting hippos and sand bars featuring sunbathing crocodiles are a common picture. From June to October, the river system seems to dry up completely. Nevertheless, a few waterholes and underground water streams do their part to sustain the local wildlife.

As the river gets drier and drier, the animals will congregate around the remaining waterholes. Predators lay silently in wait, well-covered by the riverine vegetation, and ready to pounce. They know that thirst will drive animals to the waterholes. Spectacular sightings and action-filled encounters await you.

Which travelers will particularly enjoy Ruaha National Park?

  • travelers who like to travel off the beaten track
  • travelers who are looking for a quiet, lonely and wild adventure with fewer visitors
  • travelers who want to stay in one place for a longer time and explore the park in-depth
  • travelers who are looking for outstanding game drives and incredible bush walks

Activities & Excursions in Ruaha National Park

Balloon Adventure

A hot air balloon ride over Ruaha’s enchanting scenery is an extraordinary adventure – an unparalleled lifetime experience not to be missed on your Tanzania safari. Discovering wildlife from the bird’s perspective is an enthralling adventure. Your balloon will rise with the sun and gently float in whatever direction the winds will take you. The flight will last approximately an hour and, after landing, you can enjoy a tasty bush breakfast.

Night Game Drive

A night game drive in Ruaha will give you the unique chance to experience this National Park from a different perspective – an experience unlike a day game drive. Night game drives are a great opportunity to see nocturnal wildlife and predators. Experience how the bush changes after the sun has gone down and look out for civet, genet, pangolin, leopard, lion, African wild dog and many more. An outstanding safari adventure not to be missed.

Walking Safari

A walking safari is a brilliant introduction to the smaller wildlife and spectacular landscape of Ruaha National Park – specially to get a close glimpse on Ruaha’s famous baobabs tress that stand vigil tall. An armed ranger will guide you through the bush and explain insects, plants, trees and wildlife that crosses your way. If you are incredibly quiet and stealthy, you might even have a chance to get a glimpse on buffalo, elephant and giraffe.

Our most popular safari adventures including Ruaha National Park

7-Day Flying Safari

Tour Duration: 7 days, 6 nights
National Parks: Nyerere & Ruaha

8-Day Explorer Safari

Tour Duration: 8 days, 7 nights
National Parks: Mikumi, Ruaha & Udzungwa

12-Day Venture Safari

Tour Duration: 12 days, 11 nights
National Parks: Mikumi, Ruaha, Udzungwa & Nyerere